Friday, March 9, 2018

ATSA Infographic: Preventing the Development of Harmful Sexual Behaviors in Youth

By Joan Tabachnick, MBA
The members of ATSA’s prevention committee believe that ATSA’s members have a unique role to play in prevention.  More than most professionals, our members understand the complexity of the issue and the complexity of the individuals who commit this crime.  

From a prevention point of view, we believe that early intervention with children or adolescents is an often-overlooked opportunity – and it may be the best use of our limited resources.  Early intervention with a child or adolescent with problematic sexual behaviors offers us to alter that child’s developmental trajectory and ensure that everyone lives safely in the community. 

We know this.  You know this. 

But the Prevention Committee is looking for ways to inform the larger community surrounding all of us about our unique perspective to this issue.  This year at the ATSA conference, the Prevention Committee created an infographic.  This visually engaging description is a simple way to convey, simply, critical information about these children and teenagers.  

To see the infographic, CLICK HERE!  We hope that ATSA members reading this will see the talking points that we all need to address if we want to talk about adolescents and children and prevention.  We also hope that those who many not know about ATSA, will see this information and realize how important it is to have ATSA members at the table when talking about stopping and preventing sexual violence. 

Below are the infographic’s five key talking points: 

1)      Each Child and Adolescent Is a Unique Individual

Children and adolescents who engage in harmful sexual behaviors have different motivations, risks, and protective factors as they face different risks, they have different histories, and therefore their need for support systems will be different.  A one size fits all intervention will not work for every child and teen. Our responses and support must be individualized for each child.

2)      Children and Adolescents are Still Developing

Children and teen’s bodies and brains are still forming and this continues into early adulthood.  To ensure the safety of our children and the development of healthy relationships and sexuality, adults need to understand what is normative and expected sexual development for each life stage.  Parents, caretakers, and other adults need training to understand these differences, learn what is usual for each developmental stage, and be involved in a child’s care, growth and treatment, if needed. 

3)      Adolescence is a Period of Exploration, Risk, and Great Opportunity for Positive Growth

Adolescence is a critical period to identify and understand a youth’s strengths and vulnerabilities.  There can also be a mismatch between their judgment and impulse control.  Parents, caregivers, and other adults need to support the strengths of each child and teenager, understand their need for healthy exploration–and when necessary, seek help to provide education, develop limit-setting skills, and even provide treatment, to address destructive or harmful patterns of behavior. 

4)      Change the Harmful to Helpful and Healthy Sexual Behaviors  

Research shows that prevention, early intervention, and treatment can guide a child or teen’s developmental trajectory towards a safe, productive life with healthy relationships.  Early education and support can establish constructive skills and minimize unhealthy patterns of behavior.  Every child needs to know their body and sexuality is under their control.  No one has the right to force or trick them into any type of sexual behavior. Likewise, they also need to learn that they don’t have the right to force or trick others.  Early interventions and support, when problematic sexual behaviors begin to emerge, can be a second opportunity to create a positive path before behaviors escalate into a reportable offense.

5)      A Healthy Environment Encourages Healthy Sexual Development and Healthy Choices 

Our children and teens need to navigate a huge number of healthy sexual developmentally related challenges, especially in their use of technology.  It is important to help them remember that they are not navigating these challenges on their own.   Their peers, social networks, schools, parents, involved professionals, and community can be the key to their success.  For example:

  • Given the strong influence of peer culture, we need to work with our youth to assure that peer norms support them in making the best choices and encouraging accountability.
  • To counter the influences of hypersexualized media and the all too easy access to pornography, educational approaches are needed to teach youth about healthy sexual development, positive identity, and healthy respectful relationships (i.e., including giving and getting consent for sexual behaviors)
  • Children and adolescents need accurate information, critical skills, and relevant supports to ensure healthy and appropriate sexual behavior on their part. 

This infographic and these prevention strategies is in direct alignment with the new ATSA guidelines for the assessment and treatment of adolescents with sexual behavior problems.  If you have not yet seen these guidelines, CLICK HERE.   And if you are moved by this work, please consider what you might want to do in your own community to get involved in this important prevention conversation. 

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